Everything you need to know about the Pathway for Indian CAs Seeking Canadian CPA Designation
- Are you interested in pursuing CPA Canada?
- In fact: In today's article, Chanda Kuber shares with us the exact steps she took to qualify the Canadian CPA Exams.
- Presently Chanda is working as a Manager, Accounting Policy and Advisory in a financial institution in Toronto, Canada.
I am Chanda Kuber, born and raised in Mumbai (India). I am a qualified Chartered Accountant from ICAI (The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India) and a CPA Canada.
I immigrated to Canada in mid-2016, beginning a new chapter in my life. I realized early on that having a Canadian CPA degree would make my job search easy and it surely did!
So from the get-go, I decided that I would like to pursue CPA Canada as I was keen on learning Canadian Accounting standards and Tax systems.
My work experience and CA degree from India, as well as my interest in pursuing CPA Canada, helped me land a contract position at a Big 4 firm within a few months after landing in Canada, which was not too bad.
So I would recommend finance professionals/ Accountants moving to Canada or already in Canada, to pursue CPA Canada as it would be great value addition.
In this article, I am going to share everything about the Pathway to Canadian CPA, my journey passing CPA Canada and preparing for the same.
Pathway to Canadian CPA
CPA is certainly one of the most respected professions in Canada and around the world.
Similar to the states in the US, Canada has provinces and each province has its own regional accounting body. However, Canada has merged its accounting qualification (CA, CMA and CGA) into one big CPA Designation.
While CPA Canada is the national level organization to support the unification of the Canadian accounting profession, there are provincial and territorial CPA bodies that work to regulate the profession. I registered with CPA Ontario.
The pathway to becoming a CPA depends on the educational degrees held by the candidate.
So basically to become a Canadian CPA you have to give the following exams:
- Core 1 and 2 which consists of 6 courses
- Elective 1 and 2: These are basically two exams
- Capstone 1 and 2 these are learning modules
- Final Common Final Examination (CFE): It is a three days exams
- Additionally, there is a requirement to complete 30 months of approved practical training.
- Pursuing the course in its entirety usually takes 3-4 years similar to the Indian CA course.
For CFE, provided below is the list of topics:
Pathway For Indian CAs Seeking Canadian CPA Designation
I struggled a bit to clear the CPA Exams.
But before talking on that, having pursued CPA Canada and ICAI India, let me draw a comparison between the equivalent Indian CA course with CPA Canada.
Please note that the formats, as well as the individual courses, are very different.
|CPA Canada||Indian CA equivalent course level|
|Core 1 and Core 2||CPT|
|Capstone 1||GMCS courses|
|Capstone 2||Not applicable|
Under the new MoU between ICAI and CPA, Ontario, Indian CAs are generally exempted from the following:
- Core 1 and Core 2
- Capstone 1 and Capstone 2
To qualify for the exemption, an assessment of qualifications is usually done by CPA office at the time of registration. I had to give only two exams:
- Capstone 1 and 2: Become optional as per the new MOU, always good to register for this course
- Common Final Examination (CFE): CFE is a case-based test
Practical Experience: There are forms available on the website that are to be filled by all the reporting managers one has worked within their prior work experiences. These forms are then submitted to the CPA office, they are reviewed to assess the number of months of practical training required for admission to membership.
My Journey Preparing For CPA Canada First Attempt
I qualified for exemptions available in the MoU between ICAI and CPA Canada.
And so I enrolled ONLY for the Common Final Examination course (CFE) and Capstone (though exempted under MoU it is always good to register for this course).
- The Capstone courses focus on group projects and presentations as well as self-study and practice.
- These have now become optional as per the new MOU. I will certainly recommend opting for Capstone 2 as it instills the habit of practicing cases and marked by the National marking centre which provides great insight on your performance in case writing.
2. Common Final Examination (CFE) CPA Canada
While I was focusing on my full-time job, I realized that the CPA – CFE exam was hardly two months away.
Trying to balance work (or finding one) and making sure adequate time is allocated for studying was one of the biggest challenges I faced.
With whatever time left, I started preparing for exams and regularly practiced cases.
I had access to the course materials provided by CPA, Ontario, simultaneously I reviewed the solutions for prior examinations
I felt very comfortable with the technical aspect of the exam, what was most challenging was the case-based format of the exams. There is a very specific approach to be followed while attempting case-based tests, and I got confused due to the lack of clarity.
Results turned out as expected and I didn’t clear the exams in the first attempt.
I was very upset with the results as it involved a lot of effort, time and money.
Passing CPA Canada in my Second Attempt
With the encouragement from my loved ones, I got back on the bandwagon and started preparing for my next attempt. This is what I did:
1. Signed for Private Classes
- I signed up for private classes and started practicing 4-5 months before the exams.
- Attending private classes turned out helpful to me because it helped me focus on my case writing and at the same time direct my attention to the relevant technical material.
- If there was one thing I could change, I would have signed for private classes sooner.
2. Corrected my mistakes
- Correcting the mistakes, I had made in the past gave me strength.
- Based on my experience, during my first attempt, I spent a lot of time in perfecting the technicals, however, I ended up ignoring the thought process needed for case writing.
- So I worked on this as well.
3. Practiced case-based tests
- I was ready to sacrifice everything and was fully committed to giving my best shot in the second attempt.
- With a lot of practice, I got more comfortable attempting case-based tests and in fact, it refined my thought process in line with what is expected of a CPA.
I felt more confident, planned my responses, completed the exam within the stipulated time frame.
I will never forget the moment the results were announced in November 2018, I was now a qualified Canadian CPA.
My parents had come all the way from India to help and support me during my exams and I was so glad to share this moment with them.
It has been only a few years that I have made Canada my new home.
Looking back, I am glad I started all over again, as it was a great learning process and I value my journey embracing the positives and negatives.
I am very proud to call myself a Canadian CPA, imbibing Canadian values, and confident enough to work in a Canadian work environment.
I am not embarrassed about the fact that it took a few attempts to finish these courses as it is in no way a measure of my intelligence or commitment.
I will not deny that it did involve a lot of frustrating moments, fear of losing confidence in myself, questioning my ability, and even considering the option of giving up.
I am sure a lot of people reading this article could relate to my story and understand the struggles.
Now It's Your Turn...
Have you considered pursuing CPA Canada?
Or are you already a Canadian CPA?
Let us connect in the comments.
The Finance Story is now on Telegram. Click here to join our channel and get updates with latest stories of finance professionals.